Cahier 2019-12

Titre :Industry 4.0, towards a de-globalization of value chains? Expected effects of advanced industrial robotics and additive manufacturing on the coordination system
Résumé :The aim of this paper is to provide a framework for understanding how advanced industrial robotics and additive manufacturing technologies lead to restructuring the geography of value chains. Build on an analytical framework in terms of “coordination system”, we explain how these two technological bricks reinforce the centrifugal and centripetal forces determining the degree of globalization of the value chains. The analysis of the empirical literature suggests that rapidly developing advanced industrial robotics has an ambiguous (but likely) potential for tightening value chains, while the most difficult to deploy additive manufacturing has a high de-globalisation potential. The conclusion calls for quantitative work to better guide public policy in favor of Industry 4.0.
Mot(s) clé :Industry 4.0; Advanced industrial robotics; Additive manufacturing; Global value chain; Relocation; De-globalization
Title:Industry 4.0, towards a de-globalization of value chains? Expected effects of advanced industrial robotics and additive manufacturing on the coordination system
Abstract:The aim of this paper is to provide a framework for understanding how advanced industrial robotics and additive manufacturing technologies lead to restructuring the geography of value chains. Build on an analytical framework in terms of “coordination system”, we explain how these two technological bricks reinforce the centrifugal and centripetal forces determining the degree of globalization of the value chains. The analysis of the empirical literature suggests that rapidly developing advanced industrial robotics has an ambiguous (but likely) potential for tightening value chains, while the most difficult to deploy additive manufacturing has a high de-globalisation potential. The conclusion calls for quantitative work to better guide public policy in favor of Industry 4.0.
Keyword(s):Industry 4.0; Advanced industrial robotics; Additive manufacturing; Global value chain; Relocation; De-globalization
Auteur(s) :Vincent FRIGANT
JEL Class.:L23; O33; F23

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